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|Figure one. Four inch long Ultrathin knife form found in Wyoming |
and exhibiting thinness, bi-concave x section, great width,
and long, flat flaking. John Branney Collection.
Uses of Ultrathin Knife Forms.
|Figure two. 3.5 inch long ultrathin knife form |
found in Wyoming and exhibiting fine marginal pressure
flaking around the perimeter of the biface.
John Branney Collection.
With hammer stones, choppers, and stone knives, the butchers then harvested the hindquarters, hind legs, neck, and skull. As the team of butchers systematically stripped the meat from the carcasses, others carried the meat back to the camp where they cut it into strips and hung it from sagebrush and tree branches to dry. The Folsom People would make pemmican from the meat that was too tough to eat. They then extracted two more delicacies from the skull, the tongue and the brain.
By the time the sun was in the west, the tribe had stripped the tatanka carcasses clean. They would leave any remaining meat for the scavengers of the night. That evening in the camp, there was a grand celebration as the Folsom People celebrated the great hunt.
Although I did not specifically call out ultrathin knife forms in Ghosts of the Heart, that was what the tribe used to cut the bison meat into strips.
|Figure three. From Bradley (1982)|
an outgrowth of the Clovis People’s biface reduction process. The use of overshot flakes and the intentional use of hinge and step terminations along the midline of an ultrathin knife form was very close to the process that Clovis People used for biface reduction (Bradley 1982: 203-208).
|Figure four. 3.32 inches long. Paper thin ultrathin knife form |
found in east central Colorado. Highly probable fillet knife.
Note overshot flakes. John Branney Collection.
|Winds of Eden. The third book and finale in the |
Shadows on the Trail Trilogy. Book will be
released November 2014.