Tuesday, November 11, 2014

WINDS OF EDEN - Long Awaited Dramatic Conclusion to Best Selling Prehistoric Trilogy!

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Fans of the SHADOWS ON THE TRAIL series from bestselling author John Bradford Branney are already receiving their preordered copies of the final book in the trilogy

What happens when the hunters become the hunted? That is what readers have been eagerly waiting to find out in WINDS OF EDEN, the thrilling finale to John Bradford Branney’s series of books about a Paleoindian tribe in prehistoric America.

In the conclusion of this highly acclaimed historical series of novels, the Folsom People return to the plains and mountains of Texas and Colorado at the end of the last Ice Age, a time of dramatic climate change, rising temperatures and melting glaciers. This was a time when several large mammal species went extinct and when small bands of humans roamed the mountains and plains attempting to survive in an unforgiving and violent world. WINDS OF EDEN quickly propels readers into the story where the first two novels of the trilogy left off. Chayton and the Folsom People are continuing their fight of survival in a violent and unpredictable prehistoric world with little more than their spears and wits.

“We are thrilled to be bringing out this latest installment,” said Sarah Luddington, Mirador Publishing’s Commissioning Editor. “John has a knack for bringing this era to life and combines this with an incredible eye for detail in a thoroughly engaging story. John’s attention to historical accuracy is extraordinary and he even includes three genuine indigenous languages within the narrative.”

Hailed for its accurate depiction of life on the prairies and mountains of prehistoric Texas and
Famous rock - the four inch long Alibates discoidal biface
that was the inspiration for the Shadows on the Trail Trilogy.  
Colorado, WINDS OF EDEN is a fast-paced read that accurately builds on clues from the archaeological record and traditions practiced by the first Americans.

“In the first two books of the SHADOWS ON THE TRAIL TRILOGY my emphasis has been on the dynamics of survival for these early explorers of prehistoric America,” the author stated. “In WINDS OF EDEN, I took a slightly different direction from the first two books of the trilogy. Yes, the book is still a high-intensity adventure, but I have added another twist. In WINDS OF EDEN, the main characters must face the reality of their own finite mortalities. I am hoping that readers take away much more than just reading a fun adventure story. This book is my most fulfilling work that I have written so far and I hope readers feel the same way.”

John Bradford Branney holds a geology degree and MBA from the University of Wyoming and
the University of Colorado, respectively. John currently lives in Texas and Colorado with his wife, Theresa. WINDS OF EDEN is the fifth published book by Author Branney.

Mirador Publishing continue their support of new authors and are proud to present John Bradford
Branney as an author to watch out for.

For more information visit the author at Shadows on the Trail Trilogy by John Bradford Branney on Facebook and at his blog at http://johnbbranney3.blogspot.com/.

SHADOWS ON THE TRAIL, GHOSTS OF THE HEART and WINDS OF EDEN are available in all good bookshops and online retailers both in paperback and eBook formats. Mirador Publishing may be contacted via their website at www.miradorpublishing.com

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Monday, November 3, 2014

Folsom and Agate Basin Points and the SHADOWS ON THE TRAIL TRILOGY

Figure 1 - Top projectile point is a Folsom dart point found along the
Colorado-Wyoming border in Albany County, Wyoming. Bottom
projectile point is a 2.35 inch long Agate Basin dart point
found in Jefferson County, Colorado. John Branney Collection.

In an earlier post on the Shadows on the Trail Trilogy blog, I explained why I used three Native
American languages to differentiate the linguistic and cultural differences between the three tribes in Shadows on the Trail. I also differentiated two of the tribes through their use of different projectile point types for their hunting and weapons systems.

In Shadows on the Trail, I used Folsom projectile points for the Folsom People and Agate Basin
points for the Mountain People. Figure 1 below is a photograph of a Folsom dart point at the top and an Agate Basin point at the bottom. Both are from my collection and made from similar material (Knife River Chalcedony), but as the photo illustrates, the technology was quite different in making these points and obviously, so were the differences in styles. Why did I use both Folsom points and Agate Basin points in Shadows on the Trail to differentiate two distinct cultures? Let me explain.

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In Wyoming, there is a very famous and important archaeological site called Hell Gap neat Guernsey. At the Hell Gap site, the investigators found an extensive stratigraphic section of rock with corresponding human cultural levels for thousands of years. According to Irwin-Williams, the radiocarbon dates from the Hell Gap site indicated that the use of Agate Basin points took place between 10,500 to 10,000 years ago and occurred in time after Folsom points, i.e. Agate Basin was younger in age than Folsom. If you can remember from one of my earlier blog posts, I stated that the use of Folsom points took place between 10,900 to 10,200 years ago based on radiocarbon dates from both the Hell Gap and the Agate Basin sites. The geologic evidence and overlapping radiocarbon dates indicated that there was possibly an overlap in time between the later Folsom People and the earliest Agate Basin People.
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Below, is a passage taken from my book Shadows on the Trail, the first book in the Shadows on the Trail Trilogy. In this scene, Avonaco and two hunters from the River People were looking for evidence as to who ransacked their village and massacred their people. The hunters found a strange spear with a different style of projectile point. Avonaco describes his past experience with this newly discovered projectile point.

Waquini then handed Avonaco an object and said, “Avonaco, we found this in the brush near the village.”

Avonaco held the spear in his hands. The spear shaft was the same wood that the River People used, but the stone spear point was different. The stone spear point was thinner and longer than any Avonaco had ever seen and made from a shiny, black rock material. Avonaco ran his thumb down the sharp edge of the spear point and quickly pulled his thumb away.
Éŝkos!–Sharp!” Avonaco exclaimed, looking down at his bleeding thumb.

He continued to examine the spear point, “I have only seen a spear point like this once made from this black rock. When I was a boy, I found a spear point much like this deep in the mountains. My father told me the black rock comes from the mountains.”

Avonaco then inspected the sinew wrap that connected the stone spear point to the wooden spear shaft. The River People used sinew from deer or bison to attach their spear points. 

Even though there appears to have been a time overlap between the Folsom and Agate Basin Peoples, Bradley (Frison 1991; Kornfeld, Frison, and Larson 2010) did not believe that Agate Basin technology evolved from Folsom technology. While the Folsom point was wide, thin and fluted; the Agate Basin point was thick and lenticular in cross section. If Agate Basin technology was derived from Folsom technology, there was a dramatic change that has not been explained.

Figure 2 - Agate Basin on top and 2.85 inch long Folsom
on the bottom. Different knapping technology, different
culture? John Branney Collection.

Since the technology to make Agate Basin points was so much different than that of fluted Folsom points, do you think that maybe there were two culturally different human populations utilizing the same bison resources during the latter years of Folsom? Stanford (1999: 312) postulated that Agate Basin technology may have come from an earlier Northern Great Basin / Plateau projectile point that was typologically similar to Agate Basin but predates Agate Basin on the High Plains by over one thousand years. Stanford proposed that it was possible that Agate Basin technology came southward from the Paleoarctic/ Denali Complex people in eastern Beringia who transferred the technology to northern plains people. Figure 3 is a photograph of a 2.85 inch long Folsom point on the left and an Agate Basin point on the right. The technological differences between these two projectile points was dramatic and the only things common were they were both knapped from rock and have sharp points.   
How will we ever find out the true relationship between the Folsom and Agate Basin Peoples? We probably won't. Archaeologists fit the archaeological puzzle together the best way they know how with the archaeological evidence at hand. But in this archaeological puzzle, we are most likely dealing in cultural differences, which does not always show up in the archaeological record.   

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Frison, George C.

1991        Prehistoric Hunters of the High Plains. Second Edition. Academic Press.

Irwin-Williams, Cynthia, Henry T. Irwin, George Agogino, and C. Vance Haynes
1973    Hell Gap: Paleo-Indian occupation on the High Plains. Plains Anthropologist. 18      (59 ):   40-53.   

Kornfeld, Marcel, George C. Frison, and Mary Lou Larson
2010    Prehistoric Hunters-Gatherers of the High Plains and Rockies. Third Edition. Left    Coast Press. Walnut Creek, California. 

Stanford, D. J.
1999    Paleoindian Archeology and Late Pleistocene Environments in the Plains and Southwestern United States. In Ice Age Peoples of North America, edited by R. Bonnichsen. Oregon State University Press. Corvallis, Oregon.